Hugh Linn of Ulster, Ireland
and Concord, Pennsylvania
b. 1753 - d. 1815
Most Distant Known Patrilineal Ancestor
of Milton Lynn1 and Mark
o m e
An account of the
life of Hugh Linn and some of his
descendants was published in 1905 by his great-grandson, Dr. George
Wilds Linn. For his book, Dr. Linn relied heavily on
information related to him by his grandfather, Hugh Linn II, who was
three years old at the time the family came from Ulster to
America, and by others of that generation. The doctor also wrote
to the heads of various branches of the family living at the close
of the nineteenth century to request then current information about
Hugh Linn's descendants. The following historical account
excerpts certain points from Dr. Linn's account and examines them in light of other, historical
How helpful it would be to read the doctor's original notes!
Rather, how enlightening to have been present when his elders told what
they knew, to have heard the very words which the doctor heard!
The Widney family into which Hugh Linn
married had lived for several generations in Killymurry in the north
of County Monaghan, Ireland. They still owned
Killymurry in 1784,1
the very year that Hugh's brother-in-law James Widney sold the
property and emigrated to America.
Hugh Linn was born in 1753 in Aghaloo Parish,
County Tyrone, Ireland. He lived for some unknown period
after his marriage
somewhere in the vicinity of Newry, County Down. On their journey to
board a ship bound for America, Hugh and his family
watched "[t]he church spires of Newry, Emyvale and Aughnacloy, one by one,
disappear in the distance ..."2
Concerning the family's migration from Scotland to Ireland, Dr. Linn's
states that the Linns "took up their abode in the
northeastern or Scottish side of Ulster ... in County Down,
near Newry." The
church spires of Newry are visible for quite some distance around.
Also, both the town and Newry Parish lie partly in County
Down and partly in County Armagh; and the parish includes parts of both Armagh and Down.
Plainly, one cannot know precisely where Hugh and his family lived, and
it might just as well have been
in southeast Armagh as in Down. In any case,
where a man lived at any given time after he married is not
proof that he was born there. Furthermore, given the fact that
Hugh Linn's bride and her family lived in the north of County Monaghan for some generations before, until seven
years after, their marriage, it is even less likely that Hugh
was from County Down. [See:
Hugh and Sarah's son
Hugh Linn II was born, as Dr. Linn describes it, "in the Province of
Ulster, County Down, Ireland".3
Hugh II is the only child of Hugh for
whom Dr. Linn mentions a place of birth. Knowing that
the family lived somewhere in the vicinity of Newry, but
perhaps unaware of Newry's connection to Armagh, the good
doctor may have simply assumed that the family was in Down. We have only his statement to support County Down as the
place of birth for any of Hugh's children, and we do not
know that his elders specifically named it as such.
The possibility that it was an assumption on his part is suggested
by a popular misconception which Dr. Linn demonstrably
shared, which is discussed below.
Regrettably, Hugh's parents are not identified by Dr. Linn.
In fact, the doctor has only two things to
say about Hugh's forebears. The first concerns their religion: the Linns were
Presbyterians), and Hugh was raised in that faith.4
concerns their coming to Ulster from Scotland:
"Into this current of migration
the Linns were drawn and
mass of their countrymen took up their abode in the northeastern or
Scottish side of Ulster ... in County Down, near Newry" [emphasis
Unfortunately, again, it is impossible to
know whether this report was: (1) the account of Dr. Linn's
elders, who were mere children when the family came to
America, or (2) Dr. Linn's view based on his family's
Scottish origins, his elders' mention of Newry, and his own,
perhaps limited knowledge of Scottish and Ulster history.
description of the northeastern side of Ulster as the "Scottish side" is,
in fact, a popular misconception which sweeps up
in the reader's thinking every Scot
who ever migrated to Ulster, from the first days of the Scottish
settlement in Ireland - including
those who settled elsewhere in Ulster.
Calling it such does not mean that
all Ulster Scots
lived in the northeast. Indeed, it would never have
been called the "Scottish side" during the Ulster plantation.
is that the
first Scottish Linns or Lynns found in Ulster arrived between 1606
and 1616 and settled in the west and northwest, not in
the northeast. Specifically, they made their homes in Counties
Donegal, Londonderry [or Derry], and Tyrone. [Though not part of the
political entity of Northern Ireland, Donegal
the historic province of Ulster and was included in the
Ulster Plantation.] Furthermore, those Lynns were participants
very significant settlement of Scots in Tyrone, the entire
precinct of Strabane, Tyrone having been allotted to Scottish
undertakers such as the Earl of Abercorn and Lord Boyd of
Kilmarnock.6,7,8.9 A study of Ulster muster rolls dated in the 1630s and
earlier reveal numerous
Scottish settlers in the western and northwestern Ulster counties of Armagh, Cavan,
Donegal, Fermanagh, Londonderry, and Tyrone. Included among
them is one Lynne in
Londonderry who owned land there, as well as in Donegal and Tyrone.
Also among them are two Lynns in Tyrone. Notably, however, not
one Linn, Lynn, etc. is found in the muster rolls of either Antrim or Down.10
Likewise, not one Linn or Lynn appears in either Antrim or Down in Pynnar's
1619 survey of the plantation of Ulster or in the related documents
cited by Rev. Hill in his examination of Pynnar and plantation
As time passed and populations grew, the
city of Belfast in County Antrim drew to it, as cities do,
men who sought a more secure and profitable life for their
families. Doubtless, many Ulster Scots who lived in
the west and northwest of the province joined the number of
urban dwellers. Eventually, Antrim and Down came
to be popularly known as "the Scottish side"; but that description,
again, does not mean that all Ulster Scots lived
Ultimately, Hugh Linn's Scottish antecedents may
have settled virtually anywhere in Ulster. The only details
of his Ulster history which we can state unequivocally are
that he lived for some period, somewhere on one side of
Newry or the other, and left for America in 1788 with his
wife, Sarah Widney, and three small children (one sickly
child being left in Ulster in the care of an aunt).12
Dr. Linn's account of the family's American
history, particularly in the first three generations, is far
more detailed and reliable. Hugh, Sarah, and their children
settled in Franklin County, Pennsylvania and helped to found
the village of Concord. Being a man of Christian faith
arriving in a region which as yet had no established
churches, Hugh opened his home to neighbors far and near for
Bible reading and prayer. His cabin came to be called
"Immanuel", meaning "God with us". In such a wilderness,
Hugh Linn raised a family of eight children, doubtless
cherishing in his heart the one child left across the ocean.13
Dublin Journal, Thursday, 27 Jun 1761, Dublin,
A History of a Fragment of the Clan Linn, George
Wilds Linn, Pennsylvania (1905), p. 28
The Clan Linn, Ibid.,
The Clan Linn, Ibid.,
The Clan Linn, Ibid.,
An Historical Account of the Plantation of
Ulster at the Commencement of the Seventeenth Century, 1608-1620,
Rev. George Hill, Belfast (1877), pp. 525-26. Also,
as described on p. 95 thereof, a total of 71,750 acres in
Tyrone were allotted to English and Scottish undertakers;
and they were required to "plant with English and Scottish
Tenants", in one case, and to "make a Plantation with
English, or Inland Scottish Tenants", in another.
The Scots in Ulster, Their Denization and
Naturalisation, Rev. David Stewart,
D.D., Edinburgh (1955), pp. 35,39
Statistical Survey of the County of
Donegal, James M'Parlan,
M.D., Dublin (1802), pp. 123-24. Note: 33,500 acres in
Donegal were alloted to various, specific Scottish
Ulster Plantation in the Manor of Dunnalong, 1610-70, Dr.
William J. Roulston in
History and Society, Edit.
Dillon, Henry Jefferies, Willie Nolan, Dublin: Geography
Publications (2000), pp. 267-90
An Historical Account, Ibid.,
The Clan Linn, Ibid., p. 27,28
The Clan Linn, Ibid.,
Dr. Linn's Book
HUGH LINN : born 1753 in Ulster, Ireland (probably either County Monaghan or
County Tyrone); died 1815
in Concord, Franklin County, Pennsylvania; married ...
Sarah Widney : born 1757 in County Monaghan, Ulster, Ireland; died 1810 in Concord.
JOHN LINN : born 19 March 1778 in Ulster, Ireland; died 6 December
1845 in Concord, Franklin County, Pennsylvania; married ...
Jane Van Scyoc : born 1780; died 1854 in Pennsylvania.
WILLIAM LINN : born 1780 in Ulster; died unknown; marriage unknown;
however, see children
MARY LINN : born 1782 in Ulster; died 1826; married ...
George Loughridge : born
5 November 1775; died 3 August 1831 in Smithsburg, Washington
HUGH LINN II : born 10 May 1785 in Ulster; died 3 April 1870 in
Concord, Franklin County, Pennsylvania; married ...
Ann Widney : born
22 December 1785 in Concord; died 25 April 1865 in Concord.
SARAH LINN : born 1788 in Concord, Franklin County, Pennsylvania;
died 1812; married ...
Samuel Campbell : Samuel's dates, and the names
of their children, if any, are unknown.
MARGARET LINN : born 7 March 1790 in Concord; died 13 December 1870
in Perry County, Pennsylvania; married ...
Benjamin Van Scyoc : born 9 November 1788; died 14 March 1872.
JAMES LINN : born 25 August 1792 in Concord; died 20 April 1848 near Aughwick Creek,
Springfield Township, Huntingdon County, Pennsylvania; married
Nancy Booher: born 20 November 1798; died 18 August 1877.
JANE LINN : born 1795 in Concord; died 7 April 1842 near Concord; married
Robert Campbell : born 1798; died 22 December
NANCY LINN : born 1801 in Concord; died 1868 in Concord; married
Hugh Wallace : born 1778; died 1854.
CHILDREN OF JOHN LINN AND JANE VAN SCYOC
CHARLES LINN : born 10 August 1803 in Concord; died 26 December 1876 in
Huntingdon County, Pennsylvania; married ...
Snyder: born 18 August 1803; died 23 June 1856 in Huntingon County.
MARTHA LINN : born 28 November 1804 in Concord; died 30 July 1886 in
Hammonville, Pennsylvania; married ...
Widney : born unknown; died 15 September 1865 in Concord.
SARAH LINN : born 22 September 1806 in Concord; died 11 June 1892 in
Tiffin, Iowa; married ...
John Snyder : born unknown;
died 4 November 1848 in Tiffin.
HUGH LINN : 2nd-great-grandfather of Milton Lynn; born 8 August 1808 in Concord; died 17 February 1881 in
Robinsonville, Bedford County, Pennsylvania; married ...
Mary Ann Saylor: born 1814 in Mifflin County,
Pennsylvania; died 1892 in Robinsonville.
MARY LINN : born 10 June 1810 in Concord; died 8 December 1875 in
Fannett Township, Franklin County, Pennsylvania; married ...
Harmon Hockenberry : born 1806 in Franklin County, Pennsylvania;
died 12 September 1877 in Fannett Township.
MARGARET LINN : born 1812 in Concord; died 1839 in Fannett Township; married
Henry Hockenberry : born 1800-05 in Pennsylvania;
died after 8 September 1870 in Fannett Township.
JANE LINN : born 1815 in Concord; died 12 October 1851 in Auburn,
Indiana; married ...
John Patterson Widney :
born 1815-16 in Pennsylvania; died 1905 in Auburn.
JOHN LINN : born 13 April 1818 in Concord; died 6 March 1885 in
Dublin Township, Huntingdon County, Pennsylvania; married ...
Eliza Jane Rouse: born 1821 in Pennsylvania; died 1891 in
JAMES LINN : born 29 September 1820 in Concord; died 25 May 1904 in
South Bend, Washington; married ...
born 15 March 1821 in Pennsylvania; died 24 July 1904 in South Bend.
ELIZA LINN : born 1822 in Concord; died 1907 in unknown; married
William Taylor : born 1814 in Pennsylvania;
died 1892 in Hustontown, Pennsylvania.
CHILDREN OF WILLIAM LINN AND UNKNOWN
HUGH WILLIAM LINN : 2nd-great-grandfather of Mark Woodward; born 1818 in County Clare, Ireland; died 3 March
1900 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; married ...
Chadwick : born 1818 in England; died 8 July 1907 in Philadelphia.
MARGARET LINN : born 1820 in Ulster; died 1847 in unknown; married
James W. Linn
OF MARY LINN AND GEORGE LOUGHRIDGE
GEORGE LOUGHRIDGE : born 26 April 1806; died 28 December
1853 in Beaver Creek, Maryland; married ...
Funk : born 2 January 1810; died 7 July 1879.
JOHN LOUGHRIDGE : born 26 September 1811; died unknown; marriage
ABRAHAM LOUGHRIDGE : born 1813; died 1850; married
Margaret Linn, daughter of Hugh Linn II and Ann
Widney : born 1785 in Pennsylvania; died unknown.
WILLIAM LOUGHRIDGE : born 22 May 1816 ; died 1891; married ...
Rachael Eavey : born 1812; died 1883.
HUGH LOUGHRIDGE : born unknown; died without issue.
MARY LOUGHRIDGE : born unknown; died without issue.
MARTHA LOUGHRIDGE : born unknown; died without issue.
OF HUGH LINN II AND ANN WIDNEY
JAMES WIDNEY LINN : born 6 September 1809 in Concord; died 1864 in
Concord; married ...
Mary Wilds : born 1811; died 1861 in
HUGH W. LINN : born 21 June 1811 in Concord; died 7 May 1820.
SARAH ANN LINN : born 28 August 1814 in Concord; died 9 March 1896
in Mount Morris, Ogle County, Illinois;
Samuel Henry : born 1808; died 7 October
1880 in Mount Morris.
MARY LINN : born 1 September 1816 in Concord; died after 27 June
1900 in Shippensburg, Cumberland County, Pennsylvania; married
Samuel Booher : born 1805-10 in Pennsylvania; died
1880-1900 in Shippensburg.
JANE LINN : born 16 July 1818 in Concord; died 11 Apr 1903 in
Carroll County, Illinois; married
Andrew Jackson Taylor : born 1815; died 29
March 1884, Fort Littleton, Pennsylvania.
JOHN LINN : born 13 April 1820 in Concord; died 16 February 1895 in
Margaret Hays : born 1820; died 14 April
1890 in Concord.
MARGARET LINN : born 26 March 1822 in Concord; died 17 April 1908 in
Westside, Crawford County, Iowa; married ...
Abraham Loughridge : born 1813 in Pennsylvania; died 11 August 1850
in Pine Creek, Ogle County, Illinois.
HUGH LINN : born 6 June 1824 in Concord; died 1849 in Concord.
ALEXANDER ERWIN LINN : born 9 February 1826 in Concord; died 6
November 1902 in Concord; married ...
: born 7 September 1823 in Pennsylvania; died 7 April 1910 in
ARABELLA MACLAY LINN : born 16 July 1828 in Concord; died 1917 in
San Miguel County, New Mexico; married ...
M. Bloom : born 1824 in Pennsylvania; died 1888, possibly in Huston,
Blair County, Pennsylvania.
ELEANOR POMEROY LINN : born 30 May 1831 in Concord; died 17
September 1905 in Polo, Ogle County, Illinois; married ...
William Typer : born 30 June 1826 in Martinsburg, Blair
County, Pennsylvania; died 4 November 1910 in Polo.
OF MARGARET LINN AND BENJAMIN VAN SCYOC
JOHN K. VAN SCYOC : born 8 January 1816 in Toboyne Township, Perry
County, Pennsylvania; died unknown, possibly in Fremont, Iowa; married
Julia Ann Winters : born 1820-21 in Pennsylvania; died unknown.
SAMUEL VAN SCYOC : born 1820 in Toboyne; died after 1860 in Perry
County; married ...
Leah ? : born 1824-25 in Maryland; died after 1860.
SARAH ANN VAN SCYOC : born in 1820 in Toboyne; died 1870-80 in
Granville, Mifflin County, Pennsylvania; married ...
John Mumper : born 1813 in Pennsylvania; died 1883 in Granville.
MARTHA VAN SCYOC : born in July 1822 in Toboyne; died after 9 June
John Emory : born unknown; died before 9 June 1900; married
1st to Martha's sister Maria, below.
BENJAMIN VAN SCYOC : born in 1828 in Toboyne; died after 1880;
Nancy Jane ? : born in 1838; died unknown.
MARIA VAN SCYOC : born in 1831 in Toboyne; died unknown; married
John Emory : born unknown; died before 9 June 1900; married
2nd to Maria's sister Martha, below.
HENRY VAN SCYOC : born in 1833 in Toboyne; died unknown; marriage unknown.
OF JAMES LINN AND NANCY BOOHER
CASPER BOOHER LINN : born in 1820 in Franklin County, Pennsylvania; died
22 September 1862 in Memphis Missouri; married ...
Elizabeth Jane Lauther : born 28 August 1828; married 2nd Vincent
Stevens; died 26 April 1906 in Winchester, Virginia.
JOHN LINN : born 21 February 1822 in Franklin County, Pennsylvania; died
8 February 1874 in Huntingdon County, Pennsylvania;
JAMES W. LINN : born 21 February 1825 in Pennsylvania; died 25 October
1906 near Pierce City, Missouri; married ...
Sarah Chilcoat : born 5 November
1824; died 13 October 1887 in Pierce City.
JANE LINN : born 26 June 1830 in Huntingcon County, Pennsylvania; died
16 November 1859; married Charles
Charles W. Evans : born 17 September 1829; died 8
September 1907 in Huntington County.
HUGH LINN : born 18 November 1832 in Huntingdon County,
Pennsylvania; died 26 May 1894 in Iowa; married ...
Carrie Feight : born 19 February 1836
died 25 December 1913 in Iowa.
SAMUEL BRIERLY LINN : born 26 February 1836 in Huntingdon County; died 12 March
1920 in Shelby, Shelby County, Iowa; married ...
Jane Glasgow Keagy : born 16
April 1836; died 17 December 1908 in Shelby.
JACOB BOOHER LINN : born 16 March 1839 in Huntingdon County,
Pennsylvania; died 28 December
1893 in Shelby, Iowa; married ...
Hester Ann Chilcoat : born 15
December 1835 in Pennsylvania; died 13 December 1927 in Shelby.
OF JANE LINN AND ROBERT CAMPBELL
JAMES CAMPBELL : born 19 August 1819 in Franklin County, Pennsylvania; died
15 October 1851; married ...
Eliza Gilleland : born in 1825; died 2 January 1851.
HUGH CAMPBELL : born in 1821 in Franklin County, Pennsylvania; died in 1864; married
Mary Bratton Jenkins : born 1827-28 in Pennsylvania;
ANN ELIZABETH CAMPBELL : born 17 May 1824 in Franklin County,
Pennsylvania; died unknown; married
John Hays : born unknown; died unknown.
MARTHA CAMPBELL : born 19 March 1827 in Franklin County,
Pennsylvania; died 7 April 1906 in Shelby County, Iowa; married
Charles James McLaughlin, Jr. :
born 6 October 1824 in Pennsylvania; died 11 August 1887 in Shelby
MARY JANE CAMPBELL : born in 1829 in Franklin County, Pennsylvania; died in 1889; married
Isaac G. Bratton : born in 1824 in Pennsylvania; died in 1901.
NANCY WIDNEY CAMPBELL : born 4 April 1832 in Franklin County,
Pennsylvania; died 2 August 1895 in Shelby, Iowa;
William Buckley : born 19 July 1834 in
Pennsylvania; died 30 April 1919 in Shelby.
JOHN CAMPBELL : born in 1834; died in 1900 in Mexico; married ...
Catherine Harris Cook : born in 1835; died in 1907 in
OF NANCY LINN AND HUGH WALLACE
JOHN WALLACE : born in September 1821 in Concord, Pennsylvania; died in 1903
in Wingfield, Geary County, Kansas; married ...
Elizabeth Berry : born in July 1828; died in 1902 in Wingfield.
MARY ANN WALLACE : born in 1824 in Concord, Pennsylvania; died in 1854; married
William Ewing : nothing known.
SARAH WALLACE : born in 1827 in Concord, Pennsylvania; died in 1901; marriage unknown.
HENRY WALLACE : born in 1830 in Concord, Pennsylvania; died in 1863; marriage unknown.
MARGARET JANE WALLACE : born in 1834 in Concord, Pennsylvania; died in 1899
in Geary County, Kansas; married ...
George Washington Devenney : born in March
1834 in Pennsylvania; died after 8 June 1900 in Geary County.
HUGH WALLACE, JR. : born in December 1838 in Concord, Pennsylvania; died in 1904
in Concord; married ...
Sarah Ann Stake : born in August 1840 in Pennsylvania;
died after 2 June 1900 in Concord.
NANCY WALLACE : born in 1843 in Pennsylvania; died unknown; marriage unknown.
Copyright 2014 Loretta Lynn Layman